Voskian

Geopoeia
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The Voskian language is one of the languages spoken in the republic of Voskia. It is related to the Greek languages and normally considered as part of the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European languages as well. Worldwide, Voskian is spoken by 1.5 to 2 million people, some 1.2 million of which live in Voskia. Their number is increasing steadily, as many of the younger Gurdian and Romansh speaking population of Voskia are shifting towards Voskian, which is mainly caused by the fact that Voskian is also the administrative language of Voskia and considered more 'modern' and 'classier' than the agricultural Gurdian or the too regionally spoken Romansh.

In comparison with other Greek languages, there are some important sound differences between them and Voskian, most of them regarding the liquid and nasal sounds. An /r/ between two vowels is most often rendered (and in modern Voskian written as) /z/, whereas a final /n/ is rendered as a voiced alveolar plosive (/d/), which sometimes gives the language the sound of being pronounced by someone who has a cold.

Morphologically, Voskian has retained four cases, three genders and two numbers for all substantively used words (personal pronouns have retained their dual forms, although they are increasingly less used); adjectives sometimes make difference in gender, but not in case, and the feminine variant is used as plural form as well. Voskian attaches its definite article at the end of nouns.

The Voskian verb has indicative forms for the present, imperfect, aorist, perfect, pluperfect and future tenses, an imperative, infinitive and participles. Other times and moods are composed with auxiliary verbs or particles. There are a few verbs with a quirky subject, such as krēd (to need), the subject of which is in the dative case.

The Voskian lexicon contains many Italian loan words.

Some examples

Numbers 1 to 10

1. ēs/mia/id, 2. dī, 3. tria, 4. tēce, 5. pent, 6. ekş, 7. epta, 8. oktū, 9. nia, 10. deka

Personal pronouns

1st person 2nd person 3rd person (m) 3rd person (f) 3rd person (n) 3rd person refl.
nom. sing. ģō (I) si (you) çēs (he) çē (she) çyd (it)
gen. moş soş cioş çēs cioş etoş
dat. ci ci ci eti
acc. mi si çēd çēd çyd et
nom. dual nī (we 2) şpī (you 2) çinō (they 2)
gen. diōd şpiōd çinōd tōd
dat. diōd şpiōd çinōd tōd
acc. şpī çinō
nom. plur. mēs (we) ģimis (you) cio (they) ci (they) ço (they)
gen. mode ģīde çode çade çode ēzde
dat. mōs ģīs cios cis cios
acc. mēs ģēs cius cias ço etes/eto

The verb 'to be'

present imperfect aorist perfect pluperfect future
ģo ēmi vēd essa saşşa isaşşē
si ēs veste esses saşşes isaşşēs sēs
çēs ē esse saşşe isaşşi
mēs sēd vēd essād saşşād isaşşēd sūd
ģimis este vēte essete saşşete isaşşite sete
cio senc vēd essad saşşad isaşşid sunc
infinitive ēd
part. perf. sānt