Tarmorya, official name: جمحورية لترماورية (Jemhurye t'Tarmoriye); ⵓⵎⵀⵓⵔⵢⴻ ⵏⵜⴻⵔⵎⵓ (Ǧumhuryə nTərmur); République d’Étarmoire, is a country in North Africa between Morocco and Algeria. The name "Tarmorya" is a Tarmoryan version of Latin Terræ Mauræ or "Moorish Lands".
Tarmorya, located in the northern coast of Africa, close to the border of Morocco and Algeria, is a blend, through the centuries, of Roman, Berber, Arabic and French cultures. These influences formed a unique country that attracts thousand of tourists yearly to its Mediterranean beaches, its special cuisine and its excellent wine.
Important Cities: Bourzafrique (pop. 776 000), Ghamal (101 000), Fonizi (77 000), Marezzourd (73 500), Moun El Batri (38 500)
Nationality: Tarmoryan (Tarmorij)
Languages: Tarmoryan, Arabic, Berber (Mesoudi/ Təmzudit), Hausa, Yoruba.
French is used as second language.
Religion: Catholic, Islam
Climate: average temperature: 16ºC (January, 7.5ºC, July, 25ºC); Rain: 800mm yearly
International Organizations: United Nations, African Union, FICT
Newspapers: Mditrani (Bourzafrique), Jornal Burzafriqij (Bourzafrique)
In the region where Tarmorya is today, Phoenicians founded establishments in the coast between 1000 and 2000 BC. Rome annexed the so-called province of Terræ Mauræ in 14 AD. The area was urbanized and Christianized until the invasion of the Vandals in the fifth century. The emperor Justinian took over the territory that became part of the Byzantine Africa until the sixth century when it fell under Arab rule.
The city of Portus Africæ (currently Bourzafrique) evolved as an active commercial centre with the Christian West. King Charles X started the French colonization in 1830. After the Algerian war with France, the Kingdom of Tarmorya became independent in 1957. Horaz el-Borzalle was crowned king.
Four years later, he was deposed by the Muslim leader Kesh Humalb that established the Democratic Republic of Tarmorya (Jemhurye Demkratye t'Tarmorye). The king went into exile in France. Princess Monique Christine de Lataillade Rebariz el-Borzalle, granddaughter of the former king, came back to the country in 2002 as an opposition leader. She had her freedom curtailed and was kept under house arrest.
The dictator Humalb ruled the country in a despotic way until 2006 when a democratic uprising took over Tarmorya. During this period, many Tarmoryans fled to foreign countries, mostly to France and other European destinations. It is estimated that almost twenty percent of the population left the country in this period.
Accused of corruption, Humalb went into hiding in Libya. His accounts abroad were blocked. A constitutional monarchy was established and Princess Monique was crowned queen Monique Christine I. A period of great political and economic opening started since then. The migration was reverted, and many illegal immigrants came into Tarmorya as low qualified labor force, mostly from Morocco, Algeria, Niger, Mali and Nigeria. Unemployment and violence are among the social problems that Tarmorya is facing nowadays.
On the other hand, with the influence of the radical Muslims reduced and the emergence of a less conservative society with the Christian queen, a large influx of European tourists occurred, attracted by the Mediterranean beaches, the casinos and five-star hotels, good cuisine and internationally recognized wine.
The political situation became unstable in the beginning of 2012 with violent protests against the growing poverty, mainly by immigrants from sub-Saharian Africa, and against the "liberalisation of costumes" by conservative Muslims. After terrorist attacks, prime minister Charlotte Muznigor (HET) resigned. The president of the senate, senator Mehdi Wiqmaghin (HT), assumed the post.
A coup d'état was given by a military junta led by Gen. Daqem Aghruz, self entitled Emghar l'Uziren (Chief-Minister), in May, alleging that the political situation was out of control. The senate was dissolved and democratic laws revoked. Many people were arrested, tortured and killed. The economic situation of the country becomes critical, unemployment reaching almost 20%. In November, the hegemonic power of the junta was broken when general Rebar Elghezere led a group of rebels loyal to the queen. At the same time, the socialist Pierre Mir'Yassine led another front against the government. A civil war began.
After a special summit in January 2013, FICT decided to condemn the regime of Aghruz. In February, the Emghar was seriously injured in an attack and was replaced by Gen. Omar Mahzem Temezirt. With Temezirt a cease-fire was established and thanks to the FICT mediator, Guimarc Bonamy, negotiation between the junta and the rebels took place. A plebiscite realized in April decided for presidential regime. The loyalists alleged that the plebiscite was rigged by the coup leaders. Gen. Elghezere was forced to resign.
A Constituent Assembly formed in 2013 wrote a new Constitution for the counry. After its approval in 2014, Abdelkarim Darmqran was elected as the first president of the Republic.