Purikali Treaty

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Below are the complete text of the 'Treaty of Purikali', officially 'Treaty of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade' (T.FICT) establishing the international organization Forum for International Cooperation and Trade (FICT); and the #outline document that was agreed upon in the FICTS Reform Conference, which started on May 12, 2012 in Purikali, capital of Kaupelan, before the official treaty text was created.


text of the treaty

IN THE NAME OF THEIR PEOPLES, THE NATIONS REPRESENTED AT THE 25 JUNE 2011 SUMMIT IN PURIKALI, KAUPELAN,

Convinced that international cooperation contributes to peace, stability and development of this world; Confident that cooperation between their nations will increase their people’s welfare; Resolved to reinforce the voice of non-aligned nations by their cooperation; Conscious of their Nations’ underlying values;

HAVE AGREED upon the following

TREATY OF THE FORUM FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND TRADE

Chapter 1: Nature and purposes

Article 1: The Signatories establish by this Treaty the international organisation that they have developed to achieve the exchange of industrial, technological and cultural knowledge and ideas, the facilitation of trade agreements, the promotion of tourism and improvement of traffic of goods and people.

Article 2: The Forum of International Cooperation and Trade proclaims the following essential purposes:

  • a) To facilitate trade agreements;
  • b) To exchange industrial and technological knowledge and ideas;
  • c) To cooperate on a scientific and technological level and to exchange knowledge through the organisation of scientific conferences and the establishment of international research institutes;
  • d) To promote tourism;
  • e) To improve the traffic of people through a visa agreement;
  • f) To exchange cultural knowledge and values.

Article 3: The Forum of International Cooperation and Trade has no powers other than those expressly conferred upon it by this Treaty, none of whose provisions authorises it to intervene in matters that are within the internal jurisdiction of the Member States.

Chapter 2: Members

Article 4: All Nations that ratify the present Treaty are Members of the Forum.

Article 5: Any other independent Nation that desires to become a Member of the Forum should so indicate by means of a note addressed to the Chairman of the Conference, in which it declares that it is willing to sign and ratify the Treaty of the Forum and to accept all the obligations inherent in membership.

Article 6: The Council, upon recommendation of the Conference of the Forum, shall determine whether it is appropriate that the Chairman of the Conference be authorized to permit the applicant Nation to sign the Treaty and to accept the deposit of the corresponding instrument of ratification. The decision of the Council shall require the affirmative vote of two thirds of the Member States.

Article 7: An applicant Nation who is not politically recognised by one or more Members of the Forum, cannot become a Member of the Forum.

Article 8.1: A Member of the Forum who does not adhere to the Rights and Duties of the Member States, may be suspended from the exercise of the right to participate in the sessions of the Council. This Member’s Ambassador to the Forum shall likewise be suspended from his duty.

  • a) The power to suspend shall be exercised only when such diplomatic initiatives undertaken by the Forum for the purpose of promoting the restoration of the Member’s adherence to the Rights and Duties of the Member States have been unsuccessful;
  • b) The decision to suspend shall be adopted at a special session of the Council by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the Member States;
  • c) The suspension shall take effect immediately following its approval by the Council;
  • d) The suspension notwithstanding, the Forum shall endeavour to undertake additional diplomatic initiatives to contribute to the re-establishment of the affected Member’s adherence to the Rights and Duties of the Member States;
  • e) The Council may lift the suspension by a decision adopted with the approval of two-thirds of the Member States;
  • f) The powers referred to in this article shall be exercised in accordance with this Treaty.

Article 8.2: A suspended Member of the Forum who after a period of six months, despite additional diplomatic initiatives to contribute to the re-establishment of the suspended Member’s adherence to the Rights and Duties of the Member States, continues to not adhere to those Rights and Duties, may be expelled from the Forum. The Member’s Ambassador shall likewise be expelled.

  • a) The decision to expel shall be adopted at a special session of the Council by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the Member States;
  • b) The expulsion shall take effect immediately following its approval by the Council;
  • c) The powers referred to in this article shall be exercised in accordance with this Treaty.

Chapter 3: Rights and duties of the member states

Article 9: The Member States are juridically equal, enjoy equal rights and equal capacity to exercise these rights, and have equal duties. The rights of each Member State depend not upon its power to ensure the exercise thereof, but upon the mere fact of its existence as a person under international law.

Article 10: Every Member State has the duty to respect the rights enjoyed by every other Member State in accordance with international law.

Article 11: The fundamental rights of Member States may not be impaired in any manner whatsoever.

Article 12: Member States may not unilaterally withdraw the political recognition of another Member State who has signed this Treaty but after expulsion of that Member State as stipulated in article 8.2.

Article 13: The right of each Member State to protect itself and to live its own life does not authorise it to commit unjust acts against another Member State.

Article 14: The jurisdiction of Member States within the limits of their national territory is exercised equally over all the inhabitants, whether nationals or aliens.

Article 15: Each Member State has the right to develop its cultural, political and economic life freely and naturally. In this free development, the Member State shall respect the rights of the individual and the principles of universal morality.

Article 16: No Member State or group of Member States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the internal or external affairs of any other Member State. The foregoing principle prohibits not only armed force but also any other form of interference or attempted threat against the personality of the Member State or against its political, economic and cultural elements.

Article 17: No State may use or encourage the use of coercive measures of an economic or political character in order to force the sovereign will of another Member State and obtain from it advantages of any kind.

Article 18: The territory of a Member State is inviolable; it may not be the object, even temporarily, of military occupation or of other measures of force taken by another Member State, directly or indirectly, on any grounds whatever. No territorial acquisitions or special advantages obtained either by force or by other means of coercion shall be recognised.

Article 19: Measures adopted for the maintenance of peace and security in accordance with existing treaties do not constitute a violation of the principles set forth in articles 16 and 18.

Chapter 4: Pacific settlement of disputes

Article 20: International disputes between Member States shall be submitted to the peaceful procedures set forth in this Treaty. This provision shall not be interpreted as an impairment of the rights and obligations of the Member States under articles 34 and 35 of the Treaty of the United Nations.

Article 21: The following are peaceful procedures: direct negotiation, good offices, mediation, investigation and conciliation, judicial settlement, arbitration, and those which the parties to the dispute may especially agree upon at any time.

Article 22: In the event that a dispute arises between two or more Member States which, in the opinion of one of them, cannot be settled through the usual diplomatic channels, the parties shall agree on some other peaceful procedure that will enable them to reach a solution.

Article 23: A special treaty will establish adequate means for the settlement of disputes and will determine pertinent procedures for each peaceful means such that no dispute between Member States may remain without definitive settlement within a reasonable period of time.

Chapter 5: The organs

Article 24: The Forum for International Cooperation and Trade accomplishes its purposes by means of:

  • a) The Council;
  • b) The Conference of Ambassadors;
  • c) The Office of the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors;
  • d) The Juridical Committee of the Forum;
  • e) The Specialised Organisations.

There may be established, in addition to those provided for in the Treaty and in accordance with the provisions thereof, such subsidiary organs, agencies and other entities as are considered necessary.

Article 25: The Council is the supreme organ of the Forum of International Cooperation and Trade. It consists of the heads of government or ministers of the Member States. It has as its principal powers, in addition to such others as are assigned to it by the Treaty, the following:

  • a) To decide the general action and policy of the Forum, determine the structure and functions of its organs, and consider any matter relating to friendly relations among the Member States;
  • b) To establish measures for coordinating the activities of the organs, agencies, and entities of the Forum among themselves;
  • c) To promote collaboration, especially in the economic, technological, scientific and cultural fields, with other international organisations whose purposes are similar to those of the Forum of International Cooperation and Trade;
  • d) To approve the program-budget of the Forum and determine the quotas of the Member States;
  • e) To adopt general standards to govern the operation of the Office of the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors; and
  • f) To adopt its own rules of procedure and its agenda.

The Council shall exercise its powers in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty and of other applicable treaties.

Article 26: The Council shall establish the bases for fixing the quota that each Government is to contribute to the maintenance of the Forum, taking into account the ability to pay of the respective Member States and their determination to contribute in an equitable manner. Decisions on budgetary matters require the approval of two thirds of the Member States.

Article 27: All Member States have the right to be represented in the Council. Each Member State has the right to one vote.

Article 28: The Council shall convene annually during the period determined by the rules of procedure and at a place selected in accordance with the principle of rotation. At each regular session the date and place of the next regular session shall be determined, in accordance with the rules of procedure. If for any reason the Council cannot be held at the place chosen, it shall meet at the Office of the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors, unless one of the Member States should make a timely offer of a site in its territory, in which case the Council may agree that it will meet in that place.

Article 29: In special circumstances and with the approval of two thirds of the Member States, a special session of the Council may be convoked by the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors.

Article 30: Decisions of the Council shall be adopted by the affirmative vote of an absolute majority of the Member States, except in those cases that require a two thirds vote as provided in the Treaty or as may be provided by the Council in its rules of procedure.

Article 31: The Conference of Ambassadors is composed of one representative of each Member State, especially appointed by the respective Government, with the rank of ambassador. Each government may accredit an acting representative, as well as such alternates and advisers as it considers necessary.

Article 32: The office of Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors shall be held by each of the representatives, in turn, following the alphabetic order in English of the names of their respective countries. The office of Vice Chairman shall be filled in the same way, following reverse alphabetic order. The offices of Chairman and Vice Chairman are incompatible and cannot be held by two persons originating from the same Member State. The Chairman and the Vice Chairman shall hold office for a term of not more than six months, which shall be determined by the statutes.

Article 33: Within the limits of the Treaty and of other applicable treaties and agreements, the Conference of Ambassadors takes cognizance of any matter referred to it by the Council.

Article 34: The Conference of Ambassadors shall keep vigilance over the maintenance of friendly relations among the Member States, and for that purpose shall effectively assist them in the peaceful settlement of their disputes, in accordance with the following provisions.

Article 35: In accordance with the provisions of this Treaty, any party to a dispute in which none of the peaceful procedures provided for in the Treaty is under way may resort to the Conference of Ambassadors to obtain its good offices. The Conference, following the provisions of the preceding article, shall assist the parties and recommend the procedures it considers suitable for peaceful settlement of the dispute.

Article 36: The Conference of Ambassadors shall also:

  • a) Carry out those decisions of the Council the implementation of which has not been assigned to any other body;
  • b) Watch over the observance of the standards governing the operation of the Office of Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors and, when the Council is not in session, adopt provisions of a regulatory nature that enable the Office of Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors to carry out its administrative functions;
  • c) Act as a Preparatory Committee of the Council, unless the Council should decide otherwise;
  • d) Submit recommendations to the Council with regard to the functioning of the Forum and the coordination of its subsidiary organs, agencies and committees;
  • e) Perform the other functions assigned to it in the Treaty.

Article 37: The Conference of Ambassadors and the Office of its Chairman have the same seat.

Article 38: The Office of the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors, hereafter ‘the Office’, is the central and permanent organ of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade. It shall perform the functions assigned to it in the Treaty and by the Council, and shall carry out the duties entrusted to it by the Council.

Article 39: The Office shall be directed by the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors, hereafter ‘the Chairman’, who shall be the legal representative thereof, and be responsible to the Council for the proper fulfilment of the obligations and functions of the Office.

Article 40: The Chairman, or his representative, may participate with voice but without vote in all meetings of the Forum.

Article 41: The Office shall promote economic, technological, scientific and cultural relations among all the Member States of the Forum, in keeping with the actions and policies decided upon by the Council.

Article 42: The Office shall also perform the following functions:

  • a) Transmit to the Member States notice of the convocation of the Council or any other meeting within the Forum;
  • b) Advise the other organs, when appropriate, in the preparation of agenda and rules of procedure;
  • c) Provide, on a permanent basis, adequate secretariat services for the Council and the other organs, and carry out their directives and assignments. To the extent of its ability, provide services for the other meetings of the Forum;
  • d) Serve as custodian of the documents and archives of the Forum; and
  • e) Submit to the Council at each regular session an annual report on the activities of the Forum and its financial condition.

Article 43: The Council, by a two thirds vote of the Member States, may remove the Chairman or the Vice Chairman, or both, whenever the proper functioning of the Forum so demands.

Article 44: In the performance of their duties, the Chairman and the personnel of the Office shall not seek or receive instructions from any Government or from any authority outside the Forum, and shall refrain from any action that may be incompatible with their position as international officers responsible only to the Forum.

Article 45: The Member States pledge themselves to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Chairman and the personnel of the Office, and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their duties.

Article 46: The seat of the Office is the city of Purikali, Kaupelan.

Article 47: The Juridical Committee of the Forum and the Specialised Organisations shall be further elaborated in Regulations.

Chapter 6: Miscellaneous provisions

Article 48: The Forum of International Cooperation and Trade shall enjoy in the territory of each Member State such legal capacity, privileges and immunities as are necessary for the exercise of its functions and the accomplishments of its purposes.

Article 49: The representatives of the Member States on the organs of the Forum, the personnel of their delegations, as well as the Chairman and Vice Chairman shall enjoy the privileges and immunities corresponding to their positions and necessary for the independent performance of their duties.

Article 50: Correspondence of the Forum for International Cooperation and Trade, including printed matter and parcels, bearing the frank thereof, shall be carried free of charge in the mails of the Member States.

Article 51: The Forum for International Cooperation and Trade does not allow any restriction based on race, creed or sex with respect to eligibility to participate in the activities of the Forum and to hold positions therein.

Chapter 7: Ratification and entry into force

Article 52: The present Treaty shall remain open for signature by the Nations that fulfil the requirements of becoming Member States of the Forum and shall be ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures. The original instrument, written in the English language, shall be deposited with the Office of the Chairman of the Conference of Ambassadors, which shall transmit certified copies thereof to the Governments for purposes of ratification. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Office, which shall notify the signatory States of such deposit.

Article 53: The present Treaty shall enter into force among the ratifying States when two-thirds of the signatory States have deposited their ratifications. It shall enter into force with respect to the remaining States in the order in which they deposit their ratifications.

Article 54: This Treaty shall be further elaborated in Regulations.

Article 55: The aims and purpose of the Forum as established in this Treaty shall be pursued by means of additional treaties.

Article 56: Regulations and additional treaties and changes thereof or in, or changes of or in this Treaty, are signed by the Council.

Article 57: Amendments to the present Treaty may be adopted only at a Council meeting convened for that purpose. Amendments may be adopted only by an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the Member States. Amendments shall enter into force in accordance with the terms and the procedure set forth in article 53.

Chapter 8: Transitory provisions

Article 58: Until this Treaty has been ratified according to the procedure set forth in article 53, the heads of government or ministers of the intended Member States act as a provisional Council of the Forum.

Article 59: The provisional Council appoints an acting Chairman as soon as possible after signing this Treaty.

Article 60: As soon as the conditions of article 53 have been properly fulfilled, the acting Chairman will unconditionally step down to make way for a Chairman appointed according to the procedures set forth in article 32.

outline document

Below is the text of the so-called 'outline document' that the attendants of the Purikali conference agreed upon before the above formal treaty text was created. The 'outline document' has no legal status and is included here merely for reasons of historical documentation.

Name, aims and purpose

The Forum for International Cooperation and Trade, abbreviated FICT, is an international organization that aims to foster and improve economic, scientific, and cultural development in, and trade and cooperation between its member states by means of:

  • the (facilitation of) trade agreements;
  • the exchange of industrial and technological knowledge and ideas;
  • scientific and technological cooperation and knowledge exchange through the organization of scientific conferences and establishment of international research institutes;
  • the promotion of tourism, and improvement of traffic of people through a visa agreement;
  • cultural exchange.

Organization

Headquarter

The FICT headquarter is located in Purikali, Kaupelan.

Ambassadors and Conference

All member states are represented at the headquarter by an ambassador.

The ambassadors meet whenever necessary in the conference. The conference prepares decisions.

Chairman

In alphabetical order of country names (not official state's names) in English, ambassadors serve a half year term as chairman of the conference, chairman for short. The chairman and his/her secretariat are in charge of the management of the headquarters, and the organization of the conference and meetings of the council.

Council

The council consists of the heads of government or ministers of the member states. The council convenes whenever a majority of member states and/or the conference deems that necessary.

All decisions of FICT are made by the council.

Admission and expulsion of member states

The council decides on admission and expulsion of member states.

Additional treaties and regulations

This treaty shall be further elaborated in regulations. The aims and purpose of the organization as established in this treaty shall be pursued by means of additional treaties.

Regulations and additional treaties and changes thereof or in, or changes of or in this treaty, are signed by the council. This treaty can only be changed with a two thirds majority vote.

see also