Prime Minister of Guelphia
The Prime Minister of Guelphia is the head of the government and is the individual responsible for the policy and decisions of the government of the Kingdom of Guelphia. As head of the government the Prime Minister also oversees the operation of the Civil Service and other government entities, recommends the appointment of members of the Executive Council, and is the principal government figure in the House of Assembly.
Name of office
The office of "Prime Minister" has been known under a variety of names over the years. From the settlement of the colony in 1836, the office was known as the "Premier". Following the declaration of Guelphia as an independent nation in 1907, the term "Prime Minister" has been used exclusively.
The Prime Minister may be any Guelphian subject of voting age (over the age of 21) who is a sitting member of the House of Assembly. Under the provisions of the Constitution of Guelphia the Prime Minister formally holds the office of President of the Executive Council, and is appointed and serves at the pleasure of the Sovereign. However, if a Prime Minister is removed as leader of his party, or if he loses a vote of no-confidence in the House of Assembly, he must resign the office or face being dismissed from office by the Sovereign. Additionally, a Prime Minister that loses his seat in the Assembly is obliged by convention to immediately resign his commission.
Function and powers
- For more, see Cabinet of Guelphia.
The Prime Minister is the leader of the Cabinet of Guelphia and plays a leading role in the determination of government business before the House of Assembly. The Prime Minister also acts as the face of the government, and is ultimately responsible for the fate of his or her government at an election. The Prime Minister plays a prominent role in most legislation passed by the Parliament. As the leading government figure, the remuneration for the Prime Minister is the highest of any elected official in Guelphia. The vast majority of legislation originates in the Cabinet, largely from the ranks of his or her party's Senators and MHAs. The Cabinet must have unanimous consent on all decisions they make.
The Prime Minister is assisted in his day to day administration of the government by two critically important, yet separate, offices. The coordinative functions of government are carried out by the Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, which is a part of the Civil Service and is therefore apolitical. The political and policy functions of the job are carried out the Executive Office of the Prime Minister, which employs the party political advisors and advocates to the Prime Minister.
Former Prime Ministers
- For a full list, see List of Prime Ministers of Guelphia.
To date, there have been 39 Prime Ministers of Guelphia. The longest serving Prime Minister was Sir Donald Burleigh (later the Earl Burleigh), who served for 16 years, 8 months, and 30 days. Only one, Phillip Corbett, has died in office. Corbett died after just 4 months and 24 days in office, making him the shortest serving elected Prime Minister. Corbett's successor, Cassandra Yee, was sworn in as Prime Minister until the National Party could elect a new leader. Yee served for seventeen days, which remains the shortest term of a Prime Minister so far.
There is no official role for an outgoing Prime Minister, and it is largely a personal matter as to what they do when the leave office. Some choose to remain in Parliament to act as an elder statesman to the new generation of politicians in their respective parties, whilst other depart as is convenient and seek a new career outside politics.
The official residence of the Prime Minister is Wheeler House, next to Parliament House in downtown Kingsbury.
There is also a country residence for the Prime Minister, known as Sinclair House. It is located near the village of Wellingrove in the east of Guelphia, 14 miles (23 kilometres) north-west of Earnestvale. The country residence is often used as a place for meetings between the Prime Minister and overseas dignitaries visiting Guelphia.
Living former Prime Ministers
There are presently seven living former Prime Ministers:
- Jason Olsen (1975)
- The Viscountess Davidson (1980-1984, 1986-1992)
- Cassandra Yee (1984)
- Yvonne Gates (1984-1986)
- The Viscount Tudor (1992-2000)
- The Lord Howlett (2000-2004)
- Jim Gordon (2004-2012)
References and notes
- The salary of the Prime Minister is derived from his position as a member of Parliament and the senior member of the Cabinet. As of the opening of the 39th Parliament, all Senators and MHAs receive a salary of £8,550 per annum. In addition, the Prime Minister receives an additional salary of £6,840.