Politics of the republic of MAS

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From 1968 (independence from Great-Britain) until 1992, the islands of Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran were (together with Mauritius) a part of the British Commonwealth. Head of state was Elizabeth II, represented by a governor (who was seated in Port Louis). On March 14, 1992 Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran separated from Mauritius and became the independent republic of Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran.

The country has been a parliamentary democracy since then (with the exception for the period between 1998 and 2000 when a military dictator ruled the country after a coup d´etat, which was a result of political tensions and riots between the different groups in the population). The function of the president was until 1998 mostly ceremonial, but the new constitution of 2000 gave more power to the president. The parliament has 99 members who are chosen every 5th year. Elections have been held in 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2012 and in 2017. Between 1998 and 2002 the parliament was not in function. The current government is a coalition between the RP and SPM.

Current president: Haseena Begum

Current prime minister: Salman Faruq

Current foreign minister: John Golenge


The major political parties are:

  • Independence Party (IP), became in 2002 the Republican Party (RP)
  • Party for National Renewal (PNR)
  • Socialist Peoples Movement (SPM)
  • Jamaat-e-Islami Maysoran, Algheran and Shaoran (JIMAS).


Heads of state since 1992

period president party
1992-1996 Virendra Kumar Independence Party (IP)
1996-1998 Rajnath Desai Independence Party (IP)
1998-2000 Muhammad Nuruddin military dictator
2000-2004 Muhammad Nuruddin Party for National Renewal (PNR)
2004-2008 Muhammad Nuruddin Party for National Renewal (PNR)
2008-2012 Muhammad Nuruddin Party for National Renewal (PNR)
2012-2016 Muhammad Nuruddin Party for National Renewal (PNR)
2016-2020 Oliver Keridavian Party for National Renewal (PNR)
2020 Arjun Bhattacharya, interim-president june-august
2020- Haseena Begum Social Peoples Movement (SPM)

Prime Ministers

# prime minister took office left office party remarks
1 Rajnath Desai 1992 1996 IP
2 Rakesh Kumar 1996 1997 IP first term
3 Rakesh Kumar 1997 1998 IP second term
4 Muhammad Nuruddin 1998 2002 PNR also president
5 Faiz Rahman 2002 2007 PNR
6 Vijay Kuptar 2007 2010 PNR
7 Oliver Keridavian 2010 2016 PNR
8 Faiz Rahman 2016 2017 PNR Jan 16 -June 17
9 Salman Faruq 2017 RP June 17 -

Foreign Ministers

# minister took office left office party remarks
1 Kurshid Shah 1992 1997 IP
2 Wilson Golenge 1997 1998 SPM
3 Vijay Kuptar 1998 2002 PNR
4 Rajesh Mandal 2002 2007 PNR
5 Iqbal Ahmed 2007 2010 JIMAS
6 Abdul Hamid Rasul 2010 2017 JIMAS
7 John Golenge 2017 SPM June 17 -

The parties in the parliament and number of seats

party 1992 1997 2002 2007 2012 2017
PNR x x 51 45 44 36
IP 46 44 x x x x
RP x x 20 29 28 35
SPM 17 23 13 10 11 17
JIMAS 31 28 12 12 13 9
Ind. candidates 5 4 3 3 3 2