Pannonia

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(UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

The principality of Pannonia is a country in Central Europe, bordering Hungary, Romania and Serbia. With a size of 4,077 km² it is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is approximately one and a half times larger than Luxembourg. The capital and largest city of the country is Stola. The official language is German, but there are many minority languages and dialects.

Pannonia was founded in 1716 but is officially independent since 1811. Before that Pannonia was always part of other powers, such as the Kingdom of Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire.

Pannonia is headed by a constitutional monarch, princess Brigitta. It is a democratic country in the sense that free elections take place and political parties may be formed. These parties, however, must conform to a socialist-oriented constitution. De facto Pannonia is a socialist country even though it is officially a principality. For this reason it was never recognized as such by some socialist countries like the former Soviet Union. Socialism is indeed not mentioned in the official name of the country, just "principality". This makes it the only socialist monarchy in the world. Pannonian socialism has always followed an independent course, apart from the Eastern Bloc.

Pannonia is a neutral country and has seldom interfered with the outside world. The country is a member of several international organizations like the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement, but not of the European Union.

Pannonia's economy has traditionally been based on mining and steel industries, but in recent years the service sector is expanding. In addition, Pannonia focuses on advanced technology, eg in the field of medical and military products. Tourism is also an important part of the economy. The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is $ 21,581.

Pannonia.jpg
Fürstentum Pannonia
country in Europe
Surface: 4,077 km²
Population: 1,558,000 (2016)
Population Density: 382 inh/km²

Capital: Stola
Official language German
Government: constitutional democracy
Monarch: Princess Brigitta
Prime Minister: Roman Tannenbaum
Currency: korona (divided into 100 para's)


Flag:
float

History

Referencearrow.png Main Article: History of Pannonia

In ancient times, Pannonia was a Roman province. The area was constantly under attack from nomadic tribes. In the Middle Ages, Pannonia became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. After that it became a part of the Ottoman Empire and later the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1700, after an uprising, Pannonia declared itself independent, but it lasted until 1811 before independence was recognized. In 1944, after a coup, Pannonia became a socialist state.

Timeline

Year Event
± 0 Roman province.
± 375 Visigoths invaded Pannonia.
± 450 Huns chased the Visigoths.
± 550 Pannonian Avars established a stable state.
± 880 Magyars (Hungarians) occupied Pannonia.
955 Hungarians defeated during the Battle of Lechfeld.
± 960 Hungarians adapted to Christianity.
1000 Coronation of Stephan I, the first king of the Hungarians.
± 1000 Szekler warrior tribe guarded the borders of the Hungarian Empire.
± 1150 Transylvanian Saxons migrated to the empire.
14th-mid 15th Century Dacians migrated to Pannonia, escaping the Ottomans.
± 1450 Pannonia became the Duchy of Doraste under Hungarian rule.
1526 Battle of Mohács: Hungarians defeated by the Ottomans. Pannonia became an Ottoman “eyalet”.
1699 Peace of Karlowitz. Pannonia remained Ottoman.
1700 Pannonia proclaimed independence; King Julian installed. Ottomans occupied Pannonian lowlands.
1717 Habsburg Austrians conquered Pannonian lowlands.
1718 Treaty of Passarowitz; Pannonia's status was not discussed.
1720 Pannonians defeated Austrians and conquered Stola.
1721 Treaty of Sillein: Pannonia became semi-independent principality under the Habsburg princess Maria Sophia.
1804 End of Habsburg Monarchy, beginning of Austrian Empire. Pannonia became a crown land.
1811 Habsburg Prince Ottokar of Pannonia died and was replaced by a Pannonian non-Habsburg ruler, Prince Carol: true independence.
1919 Prince Franz II conducted state reforms towards democracy.
1920 First free elections.
1920 Treaty of Trianon; Pannonia gained some land from Hungary.
1939 Full mobilisation.
1941 Nazi-friendly Zettler government overthrown and replaced by autoritarian governmend led by prince Stephan.
1941 German warplanes violating Pannonian airspace shot down.
1943 Prince Stephan died, succeeded by his son Stephan II
1944 Communists seized power, Stephan II deposed. Pro communist Prince Stanislas is successor.
After 1960 Pannonia followed independent communist course together with Yugoslavia.
After 1985 More democracy and socialist oriented market economy.
After 1995 Rapid economic growth.

Demographics

Population

Pannonia is a mosaic of many peoples. Within its borders live descendants of Germans, Romanians, Hungarians, Slovaks, Czechs, Poles, Serbs, Slovenes, Croats, Roma, Ruthenians, Jews, Bulgarians, Ukrainians and others. In addition to the many spoken languages, there are countless dialects. Initially each people had its own town or city. Due to industrialization during the nineteenth century, ethnic integration occurred. In the beginning of the 20th century, integration continued. German became the official language, and the original languages disappeared to the background and were only spoken unofficially, as a dialect. This development led to a common Pannonian consciousness that exceeded all traditional backgrounds. This is fundamentally different from neighboring countries, where different ethnic backgrounds can cause discrimination of minorities. However, like the neighboring countries, the position of the Roma is still unequal to the rest of the population. Pannonians are also very distrustful of Muslims. This goes back to the 16th century when the Ottoman empire invaded large parts of central and eastern Europe. Recent islamic terrorism and the refugee crisis in Europe made the Pannonians even more hostile. Until now, the country refuses to take any refugees.

Major cities (with population, 2016)

  • Stola: 485,100
  • Novisad: 177,212
  • Charlottenburg: 110,400
  • Oche: 89,250
  • Golya: 69,730
  • Zina: 62,350
  • Mesz: 46,024
  • Doraste: 41,330
  • Agarn: 32,200
  • Karlstadt: 31,040

Language

Since 1861 the official language is German. Until then, German was the mother language for about one quarter of the population, and for many others it was a second language. However, it lasted until the First World War before everyone spoke German, partly because the use of other languages was never banned, leaving entire villages or towns speaking a different language.

Other languages, in order of importance: Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Serbian, Roma.

The German spoken in Pannonia is different from that in Germany or Austria. The intonation is heavily influenced by other Central-European languages. It is German with a strong Balkan accent, and can be compared with English as it is spoken in India. Germans like to visit Pannonia for that "charming" accent.

Religion

Migration

Education, science and technology

Geography

Referencearrow.png Main Article: Geography of Pannonia

With an area of 4,077 square kilometers, Pannonia is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Hungary lies to the north, Serbia to the southwest, and Romania to the south and east. Pannnonia consists almost entirely of mountains, the Pannonian Carpathians, and hills. Southern Pannonia is divided by the Lake Banat, one of the largest lakes in Europe.

Climate

Referencearrow.png Main Article: Climate of Pannonia

Pannonia has a continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and mildly cold snowy winters.

Environment

Flora

Fauna

Ecology

Economy

Referencearrow.png Main Article: Economy of Pannonia

Pannonia transformed from a traditional centrally planned economy into a socialist-oriented market economy. Since the mid-1990s it is experiencing rapid growth.

Governance

Government

Referencearrow.png Main Article: Government of Pannonia

The "Tannenbaum government", named after prime-minister Roman Tannenbaum, was formed after the elections in March 2015. It is a coalition of the environmentalist party Ö and the socialist party SP.

Administrative division

Districts of Pannonia

Pannonia is administratively divided into eight districts (Distrikte). The provinces are also divided into municipalities. Pannonia is divided into the following districts:

  • Erdene (capital Charlottenburg)
  • Cimane (capital Rodika)
  • Ostkarpaten (capital Raluca)
  • Westkarpaten (capital Doraste)
  • Sophialand (capital Thann)
  • Stola Metro (capital Stola)
  • Ducatus (capital Orash Mare)
  • Boden (capital Oche)

Stola Metro is the metropolitan district of Stola. This district was created in 2002 in order to govern the urban area more efficiently. It is a common district without special status. Before 2002, its territory belonged to the districts of Ostkarpaten, Ducatus and Boden.

Media

International cooperation

  • United Nations (member since 1946)
  • Non-Aligned Movement (founding member since 1961)
  • FICT (member since 2016)

General facts

See Statistics of FICT countries

Famous persons

Referencearrow.png Main Article: List of famous persons of Pannonia

Links