Norland (in Danish Republiken Norland or in English The Republic of Norland) is a country in South-America, consisting of one large island and several smaller ones. The country is located off the coast of Argentina and Uruguay and was discovered in 1739 by the explorer Jean-Baptiste Lozier Bouvet. In the centuries that followed, Norland was colonized by Danes, Norwegians and Britons. In 1921 Norland became an independent republic.
Off the Antarctic coast, Norland possesses the Frøkensøer, which are largely uninhabited; on Heksø is a scientific post with a few dozens of employees.
|country in South-America|
Population: 3.5 million
Form of government: republic
Official languages: Danish (76%), English (15%), Portuguese (3%), Norwegian (2%), Spanish (2%)
National holidays: 24 February (Bouvet Day), 21 May (Independence Day), 1 July (Day of the People)
Currency: Norlandic Pound
Norland is a country with a moderate climate and precipitation throughout the year. Norland's highest point is the Højspids, which is 214 m. high and located on the southern part of the main island, between the towns of Mineville and Nielssund. The central and northeastern part of the main island are covered with forests; the other areas contain more grass and heathlands. The main island is surrounded on the western and southwestern side by six smaller islands: Nordø, which contains the country's fourth largest city, Christianhjem; Bjørø, which is famous for its sheep; Lille Tamsø; and the holiday islands of Ingø, Reinø and Sønderø.
The country's capital Ny Båringsvig is actually the fifth largest city, after Nordhjem, Middelhjem, Sønderhjem and Christianshjem.
Norland was discovered in 1739 by Jean-Baptiste Lozier Bouvet. Shortly thereafter, (Norwegian) Danish explorers visited the country. The island turned out to be uninhabited. In the centuries that followed, the island was used mainly as halt for whale hunters and south pole explorers. In the 19th century the island became a strategical gateway to South America. The discovery of several minerals attracted people from Norway, Denmark and England. The first cities were founded and the building of the now excellent infrastructure was begun. Until 1921 the island was ruled by a Danish governor, but the Norlandic people chose independency in 1921.
At the end of the sixties of the twentieth century, a large oilfield was discovered off the northern coast of the main island. This caused for a huge expansion of the city of Nordhjem. A labour shortage made the immigration of foreign workers necessary, mainly from Cape Verde, but also from Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.
Norland became involved in the Falkland crisis in the eighties, as the United Kingdom made use of the country as base of operations. This caused a massive deterioration of the relations with Argentina, which only in recent years have started to improve again.
The inhabitants of Norland are mixed descendants of colonists from several European countries and - later - also from countries in the neighbourhood. A majority of 76% speak Danish as their native language. 15% speak English and minorities of around 2 or 3% speak Spanish, Portuguese or Norwegian. All of these languages have official status in Norland. The religions the Norlanders confess themselves to, follow more or less the same percentages: 70% are evangelic-lutheran, 20% are anglican and 5% are roman-catholic.
Less than 1% of the Norlanders don't know how to read or write. The country has three universities, the most important of which is located in the originally English oriented city of Newhatten. The other two are in Middelhjem and Nordhjem.
Norland is relatively rich in comparison with other South-American countries, thanks mainly to the discovery of a large oil field off the Norlandic coast some decades ago. Another important branch of the Norlandic economy is the shoe production: NorSko and GrevindeSko being the most prominent shoe manufacturers of the country. Other interesting companies are NorAir, the country's most important airline, and Norfisk (fish). Norland's main partners are its South-American neighbours (Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil), South-Africa, the European Union (particularly the United Kingdom and Denmark) and the United States.
Norland has a unicameral parliament (the Folkedag) consisting of 130 members. Elections are held at least every five years. A coalition is formed by parties that together have a majority in parliament. Normally, the leader of the largest coalition party becomes the country's president. Currently, the most important parties are the SDF (social-democrats), the NLU (liberals), the NU (christian-democrats), the MP (centre party) and Obrigado! (a Portuguese minority party that tends to be quite popular).
|#||President||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Jens Olaf Pedersen||1999||2004||SDF|
|Beate Motherwell-Steen (f)||2010||incumbent||SDF|
The current government of Norland was formed in September 2010 after early elections in April of the same year. It is a coalition of the SDF, the MP and Obrigado! and contains the following ministers:
|president||Beate Motherwell-Steen (SDF)|
|home affairs||Basil Scales (MP)|
|foreign affairs||Evangelia de Botelho Cardoso (O!)|
|defense||Tony Honeycut (MP)|
|finance||Roald Eckskog (SDF)|
|economic affairs/budget||Helle Hagerup-Østersund (SDF)|
|education and culture||Carlos Sundstrand (SDF)|
|justice and social affairs||Agatha Fortescue (SDF)|
|agriculture and minerals||Morton Jørgenson (MP)|
|public health and food||Mercedes Browne-da Silva (SDF)|
|traffic, communication and water supplies||James Hungerford (MP)|
|housing and diversity||Duarte Oliveira da Souza (O!)|
Norland is a member of a number of international organizations, including the Organization of American States (OAS) and the League of Geofictional Nations (AGL) (since 5 January 2003). Although Norland is generally a modest and at times critical member of these organizations, the current secretary-general of the AGL, Karen Damgaard, is from Norland. She was appointed in 2008 after the sudden death of her predecessor Johan Achterberg, from Kronenburg.
Norland has an excellent (rail) road system which connects almost all important settlements with each other. The islands on the southwest of the main island are connected to the rest of the country by ferries. There are several airports and airfields. By air, Norland is connected to a number of airports in America and Europe; there are several direct flights between Nordhjem and e.g. London, Copenhagen, New York, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro and Miami.
Media and communication
The two most important national newspapers are Norlands Dagbladet and Dagensposten.