Mditrani - 2013 News
- 1 Minister Basqri responds to the Adzhatian politician
- 2 New times for Tarmorya
- 3 President Darmqran announces his ministers
- 4 Tarmorya has its first election after the coup d'état
- 5 Foreign Intervention in Tarmorya
- 6 Plebiscite indicates the preference by the presidential system
- 7 Interim government decides about the plebiscite
- 8 A historical negotiation takes place in Bourzafrique
- 9 Temezirt proposes a negotiation for peace
- 10 L'Emghar seriously injured in attack
- 11 Tarmorya puts conditions to the mediation of FICT
- 12 FICT wants to interfere in Tarmoryan government
Minister Basqri responds to the Adzhatian politician
Journalists inquired yesterday the Minister of Foreign Affairs Didier Basqri (HSI) about the recent statements to the Adzhatian press of Mr Grigeŕ Turkanen, leader of a conservative political party, demanding to the government of his country to not accept the Tarmoryan ambassador Yassine Burzkabram as the next Secretary General of FICT. According to Mr. Basqri, “such a statement, despite of being completely disrespectful to Tarmorya and without any legal basis, is not an official position of the Government of Adzhatia.” However, the minister added that an official declaration with such terms would cause a serious diplomatic crisis between both countries.
New times for Tarmorya
The Constituent Assembly is about to finalise the work on the new constitution for the country and president Darmqran announced a referendum in March to the population decide about it. The expectance is that, although several advances have been achieved in terms of democracy as the country has never experienced before, the constitution will be still conservative in many points.
Another sign of changes that the country is undergoing is the intention of government to schedule a state visit to Voskia, if accepted by that country. The purpose of the visit would be a diplomatic rapprochement between both Mediterranean countries, strained after the Tarmoryan abstention during the vote for the admission of Voskia to FICT. The former dictator, General Aghruz, considered Voskia as a rival of Tarmorya in foreign trade. Nowadays, despite the economic crisis that still persists, the current government sees Voskia as a potential partner for cooperation even in the common economic areas, such as wine production and agriculture.
President Darmqran announces his ministers
After being chosen by the Constituent Assembly to rule the country until the new constitution come into force, expected to be in one year, the transitional president Abdelkarim Darmqran, of the National Party (Hezb t'Temezirt), announced the names of his ministers. The 9 ministers are from the governmental coalition, being 4 from HT, 3 from HSI (Worker Socialist Party) and 2 from HTN (Party of New Tarmorya). General Omar Mahzem Temezirt, former leader of the junta, was expected to be part of the ministry, possibly as minister of defence, but Darmqran opted by keeping him out of the new government.
Queen Monique, deposed after the end of the coup d'état, is exiled in France since June. Prince Yesib, however, remains in Tarmorya.
Tarmorya has its first election after the coup d'état
On June 28, Tarmoryans chose their representatives for the Constituent Assembly, in the first election after the coup d’état of May, 2012. Albeit with significant absenteeism of 18%, the elections passed calmly under the supervision of AU and the envoy of FICT, Guimarc Bonamy. According to the agreement done by the rebel leaders and the military junta, the elected Assembly will be dissolved next year after writing a new constitution for the country, to make way for the regular legislators. It was also agreed, after hot discussions, that the Assembly will choose a transitional President of the Republic until the constitution defines the rules for the post, election and mandate of the head of state.
Although the 47 elected members have not explicit ties with political parties, it is expected that the new head will be Abdelkarim Darmqran, current leader of Hezb l'Temezirt, the Party of the Nation, a republican party with Islamic orientation.
Foreign Intervention in Tarmorya
Amidst protests, with the monarchists claiming fraud in the result of the referendum done last month that decided by republic, troops sent by the African Union landed in the country. The troops will remain even after the presidential and legislative elections scheduled for June. The intervention of the AU was decided after a request from Mr. Guimarc Bonamy, special envoy of FICT to Tarmorya.
Alleging risks to the democratic process due to the violent protests demanding the return of the monarchy, the interim government forced the leader of the monarchists, Gen. Rebar Elghezere, to retire. Elghezere responded that they will not be silenced by the coup leaders and will not give up.
Plebiscite indicates the preference by the presidential system
In the first demonstration of democracy, almost one year after the coup d'état, Tarmoryans voted on April 7 in favour of republic in a referendum marked by a high rate of absence and abstention (totalling around 20% of the electors). This rate is attributed to the lack of confidence in the peace and the security, despite the presence of foreign observers.
The result showed that 36% prefer a presidentialist republic, 32% would keep the monarchy and 12% are in favour of a parliamentary republic. It's out of question that most prefer the republican system to monarchy.
Pierre Mir'Yassine, leader of the Socialist Front, welcomed the result stating: "we are going to rebuild our politics, our economy and our society from the scratch and construct a great democracy". However, for the leader of the Loyalist Front, General Rebar Elghezere, the result was rigged by the coup leaders.
General Omar Temezirt assured that the transition to the new government will be smooth and peaceful: "The government will respect the outcomes of the polls". The elections for president and for the Senate are not yet scheduled but should happen in a few months.
Interim government decides about the plebiscite
After some rounds of negotiation, the leaders of the parties agreed to speed up the process for a new government, as the only solution for the Tarmoryan crisis. General Omar Mahzem Temezirt, as government leader during this transition period, announced on the TV yesterday, March 24, a plebiscite to define the new Tarmoryan political system to be done on April 7. Mr. Temezirt, following the decision of the roundtables, said that the country is open for international supervision of the process.
During the speech to the TV, General Temezirt also announced the bereavement of Lieutenant General Daqem Aghruz, which was in coma in Bourzafrique Metropolitan Hospital for more than a month after being shot by a protester. The funeral, closed to public and press, will occur today and will be restricted to the Army and to l'Emghar's family. This decision was taken to avoid new demonstrations pro and contra the coup d'état that would have the first anniversary in May.
In the plebiscite, electors will decide whether Tarmorya should come back to a constitutional monarchy, move to a parliamentary republic or to a presidential republic. After this decision, general elections will be called to choose the members of the Senate or Parliament.
With this process, it is expected that Tarmorya finds a peaceful way back to democracy, ending a period of political, economic and social disturbance that almost led the country to ruin.
A historical negotiation takes place in Bourzafrique
With the mediation of FICT envoy, mr. Guimarc Bonamy from Île de Romanhe, the rebels and the government of Tarmorya agreed to discuss alternatives for the country's future. The historical summit took place on March 5 in Bourzafrique. Despite the deep disagreement on the transitional process - the leaders Elghezere and Mir'Yassine called for the immediate resignation of the junta led by gen. Temezirt, and the leader of the Loyalist Front also demanded the reappointment of the Queen as head of state - all the parties agreed that the country urgently needs to find its way toward democracy. It was discussed the possibility of a plebiscite to define the future political regime and the summon of general elections for a constituent assembly.
The next roundtable was scheduled by the participants for next week. They thanked the effort of the mediator and of several countries - including those in Africa, Europe and FICT - to bring the political and economic situation of the nation back to normalcy, and all of them thanked the Kingdom of Guelphia, a country in Oceania, that promised to send financial aid. Yukland, another friendly country, also promised humanitarian aid and to request to FICT the release of emergency funds for Tarmorya.
Temezirt proposes a negotiation for peace
While gen. Daqem Aghruz remains in a coma, gen. Omar Temezirt who took the interim command of the nation on Tuesday, February 19, declared an immediate and unilateral ceasefire and the opening of roads for sending humanitarian aid to all towns of the country. Moreover, he urges all fronts of opposition to meet and negotiate peace and the national reconstruction in Bourzafrique, with the mediation of FICT representative, mr. Bonamy.
The rebel leaders Rebar Elghezere and Pierre Mir'Yassine declared themselves favourable to negotiation since the government move immediately into the hands of former Prime Minister Mehdi Wiqmaghin, deposed by the military coup in May last year. Elghezere also requires that the queen Monique I, which reappeared in public after spending three months in a hiding in Fonizi, resume her role as head of state.
L'Emghar seriously injured in attack
In the evening of last Monday, February 18, when l'Emghar came out of Qajr l'Imoryen, a man broke the lock of the security guards, cried "you are destroying our lives" and shot him. The shooter was immediately killed by the bodyguards of general Aghruz.
According to initial police investigation, the gunman, identified as Michel Adesina, was unemployed and acted by himself. However, links with rebel factions and even with government sectors dissatisfied with the policy of Aghruz are not discarded. There are rumours that the junta itself is divided and some covertly criticize l'Emghar for the deteriorating situation of the economy of the country after nearly a year of military coup and for the order issued by him to break the ceasefire and bombing the city of Fonizi, where the Loyalist Front is based.
The state of health of the general is extremely critical and he remains in a coma with no prognosis for improvement. Gen. Omar Mahzem Temezirt, considered the most moderate of the military junta, took over the power temporarily.
Tarmorya puts conditions to the mediation of FICT
L'Emghar Daqem Aghruz, in a clear demonstration of goodwill, accepted the mediation of a FICT representative, Mr. Guy Bonamy, Prime Minister of the African state of Île de Romanhe, a member of FICT. However, as declared on the TV last night, February 10, l'Emghar will not negotiate with deserters and terrorists. "Any contact between the mediator and the enemies will only be possible after they surrender and hand over their weapons to the government", he explained. The ceasefire, another demonstration of goodwill of the government leader, is being systematically violated by the rebels, that are not allowing transportation of food and other goods to the communities in the south of the country.
FICT wants to interfere in Tarmoryan government
Sources of the government informed yesterday that the heads-of-state of FICT countries criticise Tarmorya and suggested to send a representative to our country. According to l'Emghar, "this interference is not opportune neither helpful". He explained: "besides, this is a clear violation of the FICT Treaty, which declares that member states have no right to intervene in internal affairs of others."
General Aghruz sent a clear message to FICT, saying that "we will not negotiate with terrorists that are provoking disturbance and violence, and that kidnapped the royal family." Mr. Aghruz added that "the situation in Tarmorya will come to normality as soon as the terrorist groups acting in the country be neutralised."