The Exumbran Convention an international organization, founded in August 2012 in New Courland. The organization aims at economic, industrial, and scientific cooperation between its member states; to share knowledge and together develop new knowledge with regards to shared problems.
- 1 purpose
- 2 history
- 3 member states
- 4 organization
- 5 links and further information
The primary purpose of the Exumbran Convention is based on what the member states have in common: they are relatively small and unknown countries, and are overshadowed by much larger and more influential countries or economic blocks in their vicinity, which leads to a specific kind of economic problems. Therefore, the primary purpose is to work together on overcoming these problems. Through the exchange of industrial and technological knowledge and ideas, and through cooperating in the further development thereof, the member states hope to profit from each others' knowledge and strengths. Such scientific-industrial cooperation is also intended to promote the links between (applied) science and industry within countries and between scientists and companies in the various member states.
Secondary purposes are either in support of this primary purpose, or outflows thereof. This also includes the development cooperation aspect. As outflow: development cooperation initiatives will be based on shared knowledge of what works and what not. As support: more development regions are better able to contribute to the overall development of the member states. Other similarly related secondary purposes are general scientific cooperation, cultural exchange, mutual trade promotion, and so forth.
The official objective of the Convention according to Article 2 of the Treaty of the Exumbran Convention is:
- to exchange industrial and technological knowledge and ideas, and to cooperate in the further development thereof, in order to let its member states profit from each other’s knowledge and strengths,
- to promote the links between (applied) science and industry within and between countries and between scientists and companies in the member states,
- to support the economic development of its member states by all appropriate means, and
- to promote other forms of cooperation and exchange of ideas between its member states in support of the aforementioned first two, 'primary' objectives.
The founding of the Exumbran Convention was for the first time considered directly after the first summit of the FICT on 4 April 2012. FICT had been founded less than a year earlier at that moment, and at that summit it turned out that the member states of FICT were deeply divided about the importance of certain purposes of the organization. As a result, no agreement could be reached about the program budget for 2012 and 2013 and several member states (among which most importantly Khusqaikama, that had expressed its doubts about the character of FICT already months before the summit) that had more ambitious wishes regarding economic and scientific cooperation, announced that they would start talks with each other about founding a new organization.
The only decision made at the 4 April summit was to admit Chimor as the ninth member state of FICT, but this country too expressed the wish to join a possible more intensive new organization. Other FICT member states with similar interests were Harrawi, which suspended its FICT membership already on 19 April, and, to some extent, Dhram Phá. Other countries interested in founding a new organization were Kronenburg, which already attended the founding conference of FICT in June 2011, but chose not to join; and Huenan, in which country a preliminary diplomatic meeting was held by the six countries mentioned above at the end of May 2012 in order to investigate the possibilities of a new organization and possible future member states' wishes. Adzhatia expressed its intention to both stay in FICT and participate in the preliminary talks, and New Courland joined the talks as well.
Khusqaikama followed Harrawi in suspending its membership of FICT on 9 June 2012. A week after that, the country announced that it would terminate its membership as soon as possible; subsequently it unilaterally denounced the Treaty of Purikali on 18 June. Dhram Phá made a similar statement on 16 June. Harrawi announced on 21 June that its parliament will denounce the Purikali Treaty on 25 June. No official announcements followed from the government of Chimor about its FICT membership. It seems likely that the memberships of these countries will be officially terminated during the Ísðor summit of 26-28 June 2012.
At the end of June, the countries involved in the Huenan talks agreed to organise a founding summit for the Exumbran Convention on 23 August in New Courland. In that summit the eight countries mentioned above, and one further country, Kpwahele & Nɣurumba, signed the founding treaty.
name and symbols
"Exumbra" is Latin for 'out of the shadow', which captures the essence of the purpose of the Convention: to step out of the shadow of much larger and more influential countries or economic blocks in the vicinity of the member shades, and to develop strength together.
After FICT and the group of countries that would found the Exumbran Convention split ways in June 2012, a division of 'possessions' took place. According to the terms of this divisions, and stressing historical sources and continuity, one block kept the name "FICT", while the other block kept the logo. Nevertheless, it was decided by the founding nations of the Exumbran Convention to ask the Khusqaian artist Kusaki Cixaĭra (農 熙菡) who designed the original logo to adapt it to the new organization. Kusaki, however, decided only to change the colors. The following is her explanation of the meaning of the logo.
strength in cooperation
Khusqaian uses Chinese characters, which provided inspiration for the original deisgn. The character 力 means strength. The white lines in the three colored circles are based on the shape of this Chinese character. The character for cooperation 協 has three times the character for strength, plus a part on the left. That left part is here ignored, but the three times strength is a reference to that character. Ignoring that left part is on purpose: the focus is on the strength aspect of cooperation, specifically on the combination of strengths in cooperation. That is what the symbol means.
unity in diversity
The three different colors represent cultural and other diversity among member states. The overlap stands for unity. Hence, in combination the three overlapping differently colored circles mean unity in diversity.
the three pillars
The three circles and three colors also stand for the 'three pillars' of the Convention: scientific cooperation (bright red), development cooperation (dark blue), and cultural exchange (gold).
The flag of the Convention is its logo on a white background representing peace and prosperity.
|country||signed treaty||signatories||ratified||Permanent Representative (since)||remarks|
|Adzhatia||23 August 2012||Eigĕń Hameen (PM)
Astrid Kŭćma (FM)
|5 November 2012||Bohatiŕ Kerećei (1/9/2012)|
|Chimor||23 August 2012||María Morillo (pres.)
Alejandra Romero (FM)
|1 October 2012||Jorge Mendes Miguel (1/11/2012)|
|Dhram Phá||23 August 2012||Niam Qhuat (CCC)
Kuúŋ Buún (FM)
|31 August 2012||Ŋuak Lau (1/10/2012)|
|Harrawi||23 August 2012||Sanor Shuryaa (PM)
Muwat Shonshuu Yusuuf (FM)
|26 August 2012||Hupilulyum Musheyeu (1/10/2012)|
|Huenan||23 August 2012||Mou Siun-en (pres.)
E Rən-fu (FM)
|8 October 2012||E Hagan (1/11/2012)|
|Khusqaikama||23 August 2012||Cimada Erittisĭari (PM)
Kär Nanamexyyry (FM)
|8 October 2012||Kaĭta Kadidariri (1/10/2012)|
|Kpwahele & Nɣurumba||23 August 2012||Muhanda-Ngene Kɣamu (pres.)||31 August 2012||Hupilulyum Musheyeu (1/10/2012)||The Harrawi PR also represents Kpwahele & Nɣurumba.|
|Kronenburg||23 August 2012||king Ernst Frederik
Hans Dankert(nl) (PM)
Mathias Schydtz(nl) (FM)
|22 October 2012||Ina Twaelfterpen-Nieboer (15/10/2012)|
|New Courland||23 August 2012||sir Ewen Gray (gov. gen.)
Luis Lavalleja (PM)
Sandra Thurstan-Greenvald (FM)
|4 September 2012||Roburts Rasnačs (1/10/2012)|
pres. = president, CCC = chairman of the central committee, gov. gen. = governor general representing the British monarch as head of state, PM = prime minister, FM = minister/secretary of foreign affairs
see also: Organs of the Exumbran Convention (category)
The Exumbran Convention has three kinds of organs: bodies, commissions, and institutes. The three bodies together form the main organization, while the three commissions manage budgets and activities related to the various purposes of the Convention.
the Council of Heads of State and Government
- Main Article: Exumbran Council
The highest organ of the Exumbran Convention is the Council of Heads of State and Government (CHSG), which normally convenes annually and, among other tasks, adopts and amends Council Regulations, Council Directives, Council Decisions, and Council Recommendations, as well as the program budget.
list of summits and Council meetings
|Louise Charlotte, New Courland||23 August 2012||Founding summit. Treaties and Agreements signed: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. More information here.|
|Lindavista, Chimor||25 July 2013||More information here.|
|Ashtinok, Adzhatia||28 August 2014||More information here.|
the Parliament of the Exumbran Convention
- Main Article: Exumbran Parliament
Prior to a meeting of the CHSG, the Parliament of the Exumbran Convention convenes to advice the CHSG on all issues on the latter's agenda. All member states are represented in the parliament, but the members of the Exumbran Parliament are ideologically divided into factions as well, so that it's not the member states that speak with one voice each, but the ideologies. An official PEC faction consists of political parties with seats in the national parliaments of at least three member states, operates as a single party within the PEC as much as possible, and is registered as such at the Permanent Preparational Office.
the Permanent Preparational Office
- Main Article: Office of the Exumbran Convention
The Permanent Preparational Office (PPO) can be considered the day-to-day management of the Exumbran Convention. Among other tasks, it prepares and presides over the meetings of the CHSG and proposes draft acts of legislation for these meetings. The PPO consists of the Permanent Preparational Council (PPC) and administrative and other support staff. The PPC consists of one representative of each member state: the Permanent Representative. The PPO and PPC are both headed by the Secretary General and the Vice Secretary General, who are appointed by the CHSG and hold office for two years, but can serve multiple terms.
- Main Article: Secretary General of the Exumbran Convention
|Secretary General (country)||took office||left office||remarks|
|Oliver Murtogg (New Courland)||23 August 2012||incumbent||transitional until 25 July 2013|
|Vice-Secretary General (country)||took office||left office||remarks|
|Carlos Sifuentes Herrera (Chimor)||23 August 2012||incumbent||transitional until 25 July 2013|
The Exumbran Convention has several commissions to facilitate its objectives. The proposed commissions are
- the Exumbran Scientific Commission (ESC),
- the Exumbran Development Commission (EDC),
- the Exumbran Integration Commission (EIC), and
- the Exumbran Social Investment Bank (ESIB).
The following institutes either belong to, or are co-funded by the Exumbran Scientific Commission (ESC):
- the Exumbran Institute of Advanced Studies (EIAS) (an institute of the Convention), and
- the Exumbran Institutes of Development and Industry (EIDI) (a group of institutes co-funded by the Convention).
The juridical sources of the Exumbran Convention are the following:
- The founding treaty of the Exumbran Convention and other additional instruments;
- The agreements concluded by the member states of the Exumbran Convention as a consequence of the instruments mentioned in the item above;
- Council Regulations, Council Directives, and Council Decisions;
- Commission Regulations, and Commission Decisions.
see also: Juridical Sources of the Exumbran Convention (category)
- Main Article: Exumbran Council Decision on the Ordinary Budget and Comission Budgets for the year 2013
- Exumbra Portal
- List of Countries Affiliated with Exumbra
- Map showing these countries' locations
- Statistics of Countries Affiliated with Exumbra
- Rules and Procedures of the Exumbran Convention - the rules for (human) participants and participation in the Exumbran Convention
- Rules of Exumbra - the rules for (human) participants and participation in Exumbra
- Exumbra Forum