Constructed languages or 'conlangs' are languages that are designed rather than evolved. Some constructed languages, especially 'international auxiliary languages' such as Esperanto, have been designed to be spoken by humans; others had other specific purposes. In addition to those, there are constructed languages that are created for no other purpose than the joy of creation. Since those are the focus of Geopoeia, unless specified otherwise, the term 'conlang' will be used to refer to such 'purpose-less' constructed languages, sometimes also called 'artlangs'.
Some conlangs are created as completely independent creations, others are part of a fictional geographical entity (see Geofiction and Conworlds):
- independent conlangs, not associated with any fictional geographical entity
- conlangs spoken in fictional countries (etc.) on Earth
- conlangs spoken in fictional geographical countries outside Earth
Within all three further categorizations by means of linguistic criteria are possible.
- Wikipedia entry 'Constructed language'
- The Language Construction Kit
- How to create a language? - based on the Language Construction Kit
- Conlang Atlas of Language Structures (CALS)
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